Tag Archive: facial trauma


Facial Trauma

Facial trauma is also known as maxillofacial trauma. It is basically, any physical trauma to the face. Some of the most common causes of facial trauma are vehicle crashers, sports injuries, falls and assaults. Blows from objects as well as war time injuries can cause facial trauma. Work related injuries, animal injuries also cause facial trauma. Vehicle accidents or crashes are one of the most common causes of facial trauma in the recent times.For more details,please login to www.aesthetica.co.in

Signs and symptoms of facial trauma are quite visible. The area affected is usually swollen, bruised and easily diagnosed. In severe cases, the facial bones are affected and even fractures can occur. Normal functioning of nose and mouth are affected. Some teeth are also broken in many cases. Double vision occurs in the patient due to the swelling around eyes and improper eye functioning. Fractures of nose, maxilla or base of skull can be present along with profuse nosebleeds. Many of the times, the cheekbone depression can be seen which indicates that there is a chance of some facial bone fracture which can be detected with the help of radiographs.

When the patient arrives at the dental clinic, the dentist examines the patient. This is done checking the presence of bleeding, lacerations, damage to the normal structure of the face. Diagnosis of facial trauma is usually made with radiography. This is accompanied by angiography in order to locate the areas of bleeding initiation. This is useful in cases where there are more chances of profuse bleeding with the occurrence of fractures. CT scan is recommended when complex bones and tissues are involved in the fractures. This helps in the understanding the case clearly and determine the right treatment for the patient. Moreover, CT scan is actually the best in order to detect the facial trauma.

Facial trauma can be categorized according to the occurrence in the children or adults. This is due to the fact that both of the facial traumas are different as children don’t have fully developed face. So special care is taken by the doctors so that there is no complication in future and the healing can take place along with the growth of the face of the child. Facial trauma is much less common in children. Less than 5 percent of the children are affected by the facial trauma. Even if it occurs the main cause is falling on the ground or some place usually while playing. For children who are above 5 years of age, vehicle accidents are one of the main causes. But due to various preventive measures taken like correct usage of car seats and seat belts.

Treatment of facial trauma is done by focusing mainly on the esthetics as well as functioning of the parts affected. Most important aim is to control bleeding. This is done by the surgeon by taking proper measures at the time of surgery. Care is taken to prevent any obstruction in the airway of the patient. One this is done then broken bone segments are fixed with the help of titanium plates and screws. Treating the fracture and leaving the minimal scars to make the esthetically confident. Doctor should be alert and immediate treatment action must be taken to avoid any complications.

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Facial Reconstruction

Facial reconstruction is an important aspect of maxillofacial surgery. When any serious facial problem occurs with the patient then the dentists and surgeon prefer for a facial reconstruction procedure. This helps in restoring the precious features and modifying the present condition by turning the appearance of the patient into a positive one. Facial reconstruction is quite common nowadays with various options available to the patients. The advancement of technology in the field of dentistry has made most of the procedures much easier than before. This motivates the patients to undergo the procedure with confidence. For facial reconstruction, experienced surgeons and dentists are appointed in order to get the best results out of the procedure.For more details,please log in to www.aesthetica.co.in

In the facial reconstruction a team of doctors is appointed which includes plastic surgeons, neurosurgeons and dentists. The procedure usually involves a lot of complications, so the specialists ensure that if any emergency comes up then it can be handled in the minimum time and successfully accomplished. The procedure is very sensitive and can take hours. So to be on the safer side, general anesthesia is given to the patient so as to keep the patient unconscious confirmatively during the whole procedure. The time duration can extend till several hours due to the in depth procedure done by the specialists. As the results are usually much appreciable the hard work given by the team during the procedure is also worth appreciation. The blood supply and tissues of the areas are properly checked and then brought according to the anatomy and functioning ability. When the cases are very complicated involving vital organs then it becomes important for the team to hold patience and then carry out the procedure.

Bone grafting is a commonly done procedure which ensures that the bone loss in the facial region. Bone pieces are taken from the body of the individual. During the procedure bone cut is also done. So prevent the deterioration of the area in which the anatomical structures have been brought to normal condition. Facial reconstruction is very important as the brain in the head is near to the facial structures. Any mistake in the procedure can threaten the life of the patient. So, extreme care is taken by the team of doctors so as to complete the procedure successfully without harming the patient.

The facial reconstruction procedure can lead to the adverse effects like swelling of neck, mouth or face. This can continue for few weeks. The airway of the patient is blocked. So tracheostomy is done on temporary basis. This provides a help to the patient to breath properly. There are risks which are associated with this procedure. So, care must be taken that the patient is not harmed by any step as a small mistake can cost the life of the patient. Facial reconstruction is boon to the patients who wan their esthetics back.Complications of the procedure can be commonly seen in patients having smoking habits, poor nutrition, and nerve damage in the past and poor blood circulation.facial-reconstruction11