Tag Archive: cleft lip

Facial Deformity

Facial deformity is the status of the patient in which the normal anatomical structures of the patient have changed aesthetically as well as functionally. Facial deformity is quite commonly used in maxillofacial surgery.For more details,please log in to www.aesthetica.co.in

Some of the main causes of facial deformity are genetic factors, damage to the fetus during the gestation period, various bone disorders like arthritis, surgeries involving massive exposure of anatomical structures of the body as well as hormone disorder. Cleft lip, cleft palate, severe burns, Treacher Collins syndrome, road traffic accidents, penetrating injury as well as maxillary hypoplasia are the medical conditions which have been seen to be causative factors of facial deformity. Most of these medical conditions have facial deformity as a prime clinical feature. The areas of the facial deformity vary from one medical condition to the other. The area affected is closely related to the causative factor of the facial deformity.

The symptoms of facial deformities can be prominently seen in the patient who has suffered from the above factors. Any abnormalities in the normal features of the human being are considered to be in facial deformity. Moreover, many of the facial deformities are congenital in nature. These facial deformities are present from the time of birth. For instance, cleft lip and cleft palate can be seen and diagnosed just by seeing the newborn just after the birth. The patient is then referred to the dentists for the further treatment in order to avoid any further complications in future. When a facial deformity is caused due to over exposure to radiations for long period of time, then the symptoms will be more superficial. The severity will vary according to the patient’s condition ad affect from the environmental factors.The dentist or physician checks the facial deformity in detail. A good medical history is taken in order to find out some clues and hints which may have been a strong link for the patient’s condition. Many a times, some of the diagnostic points can be found out easily with the help of thorough analysis of the patient. Diagnosis of facial deformities can be done with the radiographs in order to find the cause of the deformity in detail. Radiographs show any internal problem in the affected area. This helps a lot in the whole treatment plan of the patient.

Facial deformities are associated with cases of mortalities which are actually possible in the cases of the patients who have severe facial deformities, chances of getting infectious diseases, increased susceptibility to injuries as well as affect on vital organs.Facial deformities are actually a state of discomfort for the patient suffering with it. So it’s important for the dentist to understand the patient’s psychological state and treat him the best in the least possible time. This will help the patient to gain confidence. Surgery of the affected area is done in order to correct the defects..ContempClinDent_2011_2_3_245_86480_f2 1290577788


Cleft Lip/Palate

Cleft Lip/Palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital defects which are caused by abnormal facial development during gestation period. Cleft lip and cleft palate are also known as cheiloschisis and palatoschisis. The ratio of the occurrence of these disorders is very less i.e. 1 out of every 700 has been recorded..For more details,please log in to www.aesthetica.co.in

The causes of the occurrence of cleft lip and cleft palate are mainly genetic and environmental factors. In the initial two months of pregnancy, the head of the embryo is formed. When the primitive tissue lobes fail to join in the initial stages then the cleft lip and palate formation occurs. Here, front nasal, maxillary and mandibular prominences fail to function to their best. Due to this the formation of upper lip, lower lip or cheeks can occur. Greater is the failure of the fusion of these tissue lobes, more is the severity of the cleft lip and palate. This can be seen at the time of the birth of the child. The formation of palate is the last step of the fusion of the primary tissue lobes and this makes this step vulnerable to various environmental factors the mother faces, nutritional imbalance of the mother as well as pollutants in the atmosphere.

The signs and symptoms of cleft lip and palate are quite easily seen. The cleft is actually present from the upper lip and does not affect the lower lip. Unilateral incomplete type of cleft lip and palate does not reach up to the nose and affects the upper lip and middle area in between the upper lip and nostrils. Unilateral complete type extends up to the nostrils thereby creating a prominent cleft on one side. Bilateral complete type extends to both the nostrils thereby creating a combination of two clefts.

Cleft lip and palate complications actually cause much difficulty for the newborn. Due to the difference in the normal features of the lip and palate the baby has difficulty in sucking the milk as there he cannot put proper suction force. So, the baby is provided with customized bottle feeders and made to sit so that with the help of gravitational force he can take the milk. Cleft lip and palate are associated with the hearing problems. In many of the patients, the Eustachian tubes are affected so as the baby cannot hear he is unable to try and speak till proper treatment is done at the right time.

Treatment of cleft lip and palate is done by experienced dentists and surgeons. The main aim is to bring the normal features of the cleft lip and palate. In this way, the patient will gain self confidence and esthetic features will be created. Kindergarten rhinoplasty i.e. nose surgery is the most recommended procedure for curing cleft lip and palate. Also, orthodontic intervention, alveolar bone grafts, jaw surgery, implants and bridges are the treatment procedures which are carried out .cleftlip_small.cleft_palate