Category: restorative dentistry


Root Canal

Root canal is an endodontic procedure which is carried when there is excessive pain in the patients’ tooth and it cannot be treated with a simple cavity preparation and filling. It is famously known as ‘RCT’. Some of the common causes of the root canal procedures are difficulty and pain on chewing food, swelling around the tooth, inability to tolerate extreme hold or cold stimulus conditions and tooth affected by trauma. Root canal is a good option for the extraction of teeth as it saves the teeth as well as reliefs the pain. Root Canal is accompanied by cavity filling later. First a cavity is prepared, the root canal procedure is carried out and finally the restoration of the cavity is done. If patient is concerned about the esthetics of the tooth then the crown for particular teeth can be done.For more details,please log in to www.aesthetica.co.in

Root canal procedures are carried out by trained dental specialists. Usually a root canal procedure for a single tooth is done in 30 minutes. So, one can see that the procedure is not tiring and takes the average time for the dentist to complete it successfully. If the patient has no more time then one can have more than one tooth’s root canal treatment in one appointment.

The procedure is quite less time consuming. Firstly, an opening is created in the tooth to enter into the teeth. This is done either from the back of the anterior teeth or from the occlusal area of the molar or premolar teeth. Then, pulpectomy is done in order to remove the pulp affected in the teeth. After this, proper cleaning is done. The cleaning is done mainly of the root canals and the pulp chambers. If the filling is not possible in first appointment then the patient is recalled for another appointment. Then in the next appointment the temporary filling or restoration is removed. A material known as gutta-percha is inserted and then the pulp chamber is sealed with cement. Gutta-percha is rubbery and tapered in nature. Many a times, in order to support this material a plastic or metal rod is inserted. Finally, the permanent restoration is done. Usually a patient prefers for the crown to be placed on the tooth treated with root canal treatment. Few appointments will be needed after the root canal treatment to get the tooth corrected if required and crown fixed on the tooth.

Proper care must be taken for the treated tooth as the caries can occur or reoccur in the particular teeth. As there is no pulp present alive inside the teeth, so it is important to understand that the teeth can fracture. This is the reason that regular dental check ups and proper oral care are recommended to patients treated with root canal treatment. The dentist will tell the patient the condition of the teeth after the treatment with the help of an X-ray. The amount of bone present before and after the treatment is also compared and decided with the help of before and after treatment x-rays.root_canal

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Cavity/fillings

Cavity which is also called as tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems across the world. Most of the individuals have cavities in their mouth. So it’s important to know the nature of cavities and how to get rid of them. A cavity occurs when certain micro-organisms release acids in the mouth by reacting on the food particles deposited on the teeth. So it is always recommended to keep the teeth clean and brush, floss on regular basis.For more details please log in to www.aesthetica.co.in

Cavities can occur on any part of the tooth. Usually the cavities can be seen on the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. This is due to the fact that most of the food gets lodged in the occlusal part of the teeth at the time of mastication. Moreover, food particles which get trapped in between two teeth also cause formation of the cavities if proper oral hygiene is not maintained. Cavities if not treated on time can eventually lead to the degradation of natural tooth and finally loss of tooth. So it’s very crucial to treat the cavities on time.Cavities can occur at any age depending on the diet and oral hygiene habits. If an individual consumes lots of sugary foods or acidic beverages on regular basis then that individual is more likely to have cavities. For this one must take care of the eating habits and develop proper oral hygiene habits, thus following them on regular basis

The treatment for the cavities is basically a filling. The carious part of the tooth is removed and then the filling is done. Now, fillings are of various types depending on the restoration material used by the dentist. Silver amalgam and tooth colored materials like composites are some of the most common restorative materials used by dentists all over the world. Silver amalgam has good strength. They are considered better for the posterior teeth i.e. back teeth as they have low esthetic features. The anterior teeth i.e. front teeth are usually done by the composites as patients usually prefer the esthetic property of the restoration than the strength property. So, tooth colored materials are ideal for such teeth. Before restoration most of the times a base is applied on the floor of the cavity to protect the pulp to eliminate undercuts if present as well as reduce the bulk of metallic restoration done in the tooth. Polycarboxylate cement, zinc oxide eugenol cement as well as glass ionomer cement are some of the commonly used cements. Glass ionomer liquid which comprises of the polyacrylic acid is also used for cavity conditioning.After the cavity is filled, the patient is asked not to eat or drink anything for at least an hour. If the restoration is not done properly then there can be fracture if high points are present after restoration. So the patient is asked to close the mouth and act in the mastication activity to determine if there are any high points. If the patient feels discomfort then the restoration is properly burnished and carved to remove the excess restoration l.dental-caries tooth-decay-risk-350